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What Is the Best Treatment for Typhoid Fever?

Complications and side effects of typhoid fever

Complications and side effects of typhoid fever

What Is the Best Treatment for Typhoid Fever? Center

Typhoid feveris a serious bacterial infection caused by theSalmonella typhibacterium. A similar infection called paratyphoidfeveris caused by theSalmonellaparatyphi bacterium.

The most common symptoms oftyphoid feverarediarrheaand a highfeverthat doesnt go away. Your fever may be as high as 104 degrees Fahrenheit or 40 degrees Celsius.

Typhoid fever is only caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi. The typhoid bacteria multiply and spread through contaminated food and water. After you are infected, it can take one to three weeks for symptoms to start.

Some people become carriers of typhoid and shed the bacteria in their feces for years after they were first infected.

In fact, people who work in certain professions must have negativestooltests following their typhoid infection before they can legally return to work. This includes:

Those who have had typhoid fever can get it again if they are re-exposed to the bacteria.

When travelling abroad in areas where typhoid fever is common, be sure to get vaccinated. To further lower the risk of contracting the disease:

Anyone can get typhoid fever. However, this bacterium is not common in industrialized countries. It is more common in developing countries. Many cases in industrialized nations are brought back fromtravelersto other areas.

Vaccinesare available for people traveling abroad to areas with a higher risk of contracting typhoid fever.

Only a licensed healthcare professional can diagnose typhoid fever. The only way for your doctor to diagnose typhoid fever is through a blood orstooltest to verify the presence of the bacteria.

Your doctor will give you this test if you have symptoms of typhoid fever or were exposed to someone who recently had the infection.

Doctors treat typhoid fever with antibiotics. However, in some parts of the worldstrainsof typhoid fever have become resistant to most antibiotics. Doctors and researchers must continually track which antibiotics continue to offer effective treatment.

Dehydrationfromdiarrheais common with typhoid fever. So, you need to drink plenty of water andbeverageswithelectrolytes. Your doctor may give youelectrolytepackets to help with this.

If your condition worsens and you have to go to the hospital, doctors may give you intravenous (IV) hydration.

Complications and side effects of typhoid fever

Some people haveallergicreactions to certain antibiotics. With antibiotic resistant strains, there may only be a few options for treatment.

If you are allergic to these antibiotics, it may be rather difficult to find effective medicine that you can take safely.

However, the main risk with typhoid fever is not receiving any medical treatment. One out of five people who dont get treatment for typhoid fever die.

The risk of complications also grows if the treatment is delayed. Complications that can develop in untreated cases of typhoid fever include:

For this reason, if you have symptoms of typhoid fever, you should seek immediate medical attention. This is especially true if you have recently traveled to an area where there is a higher risk of contracting the disease.

Restrictions on Vaccinated International Travelers

U.S. to Be Removed From E.U. Safe Travel List

Vaccinated Americans Can Soon Visit the U.K.

U.S. Sticks With International Travel Restrictions

Canada to Welcome Fully Vaccinated Americans

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Typhoid Fever and Paratyphoid Fever.

Cureus: The Implications of Extensive Drug-resistant Typhoid Fever: A Case Report.

New York State Department of Health: Typhoid Fever.

Top What Is the Best Treatment for Typhoid Fever Related Articles

Explore travel health tips and vaccines to prevent disease while abroad. Learn to protect yourself against malaria, hepatitis, tetanus and more by learning which vaccines or health precautions are advised for your destination.

Travelers should prepare for their trip by visiting their physician to get the proper vaccinations and obtain the necessary medication if they have a medical condition or chronic disease. Diseases that travelers may pick up from contaminated water or food, insect or animal bites, or from other people include:

Travelers diarrhea is generally contracted by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. Food is the primary source of travelers diarrhea. EnterotoxigenicE. coliis the cause of up to 70% of all cases of travelers diarrhea. There are five unique classes of E. coli that causes gastroenteritis. Other bacteria responsible for travelers diarrhea includeCampylobacter,jejuni,shigella, andsalmonella. Viruses such as rotavirus and Norwalk virus (norovirus) and giardia lamblia a parasite may cause travelers diarrhea. Prevention is careful eating and drinking of water.

Typhoid fever is an illness caused by the

bacteria. The illness is contracted by ingesting the bacteria in contaminated water or food. Symptoms include headaches, fever, diarrhea, lethargy, aches and pains, and poor appetite. Treatment focuses on killing the

Typhoid fever is a serious bacterial infection. Learn more about typhoid fever, its symptoms, your treatment options, and possible complications.

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MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.See additional information.